Design Optimization for Dies and Preforms
For forming processes, optimization goals range from tuning the process parameters while keeping geometry unchanged to finding optimal geometry for intermediate dies in a multistage forming operation. This article commences with a description on the three salient steps of optimization procedures: defining the objective function, calculating the objective function, and searching an optimum design. It concludes with an example illustrating the optimization of conical-die extrusion.
Anil Chaudhary, Suhas Vaze, Design Optimization for Dies and Preforms, Metalworking: Bulk Forming, Vol 14A, ASM Handbook, Edited By S.L. Semiatin, ASM International, 2005, p 640–644, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.hb.v14a.a0004022
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