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This article provides an overview of the electrochemical nature of corrosion and analyzes corrosion-related failures. It describes corrosion failure analysis and discusses corrective and preventive approaches to mitigate corrosion-related failures of metals. These include: change in the environment; change in the alloy or heat treatment; change in design; use of galvanic protection; use of inhibitors; use of nonmetallic coatings and liners; application of metallic coatings; use of surface treatments, thermal spray, or other surface modifications; corrosion monitoring; and preventive maintenance.

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S.R. Freeman, Analysis and Prevention of Corrosion-Related Failures, Failure Analysis and Prevention, Vol 11, ASM Handbook, Edited By William T. Becker, Roch J. Shipley, ASM International, 2002, p 749–760,

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