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This article outlines the basic steps to be followed and the range of techniques available for failure analysis, namely, background data assembling, visual examination, microfractography, chemical analysis, metallographic examination, electron microscopy, electron microprobe analysis, X-ray techniques, and simulations. It also describes the steps for analyzing the data, preparing the report, preservation of evidence, and follow-up on recommendations.

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George F. Vander Voort, 2002. "Conducting a Failure Examination", Failure Analysis and Prevention, William T. Becker, Roch J. Shipley

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