Welding Fundamentals and Processes
This article provides a qualitative summary of the theory of diffusion bonding, as distinguished from the mechanisms of other solid-state welding processes. Diffusion bonding can be achieved for materials with adherent surface oxides, but the resultant interface strengths of these materials are considerably less than that measured for the parent material. The article describes three stages of diffusion bonding: microasperity deformation, diffusion-controlled mass transport, and interface migration. It concludes with information on diffusion bonding with interface aids.