Welding Fundamentals and Processes
This article discusses the development of a welding procedure for friction stir welding (FSW), including the process of defining a preliminary procedure, the optimization of parameters, the development of supporting data, and other key features to ensure a successful procedure. The critical features of FSW tool design, initial process parameters, systematic welding trials, and robustness testing are reviewed. The article provides information on the common features of welding procedure qualification. It also includes a table that lists the procedures used in the production of sound friction stir welds in various aluminum alloys.