Welding Fundamentals and Processes
Solid-State Welding Processes
This article provides information on the practice considerations for the inertia and direct-drive rotary friction welding processes. It presents the tooling and welding parameter designs of these processes. The article discusses the welding of different material family classes to provide a baseline for initial development of a welding parameter set. Common material family classes, including steels, nonferrous metals, and dissimilar metals, are discussed.
This article lists the system parameters of the friction welding process and describes the four categories of monitoring and control of the manufacturing process. It discusses the monitoring methods of a rotary friction welded sample, for determining in-process quality of ferrous alloys, and dissimilar metals using acoustic emission. The article reviews the feasibility of detecting the presence of ferrite during microstructural evolution of friction welding of three austenitic stainless steels: 310, 304, and 255. It also explains the in-process quality control of friction welding.