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This article describes the significance of the three variables that affect the resistance spot welding process: welding current, electrode force, and welding time. It presents the effects of weld spacing and surface preparation on weld quality. The article elaborates the typical sequence of steps for determining the satisfactory conditions for spot welding and the mechanical aspects that affect this process. It considers the effects of process variables on the weld lobe. The article reviews surface preparation, part fit-up, electrode drives, weld parameters, and tests associated with seam welding. It concludes with a discussion on the welding equipment and other factors associated with resistance spot and seam welding.

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Murali D. Tumuluru, Hongyang Zhang, R. (Bob) Matteson, 2011. "Procedure Development and Practice Considerations for Resistance Welding", Welding Fundamentals and Processes, T. Lienert, T. Siewert, S. Babu, V. Acoff

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