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This article describes the formation of residual stresses and distortion and the techniques for measuring residual stresses. It provides a discussion on the magnitude and distribution analysis of residual stresses and distortion in weldments. The article considers the effects of residual stresses and distortion on the brittle fracture and fatigue fracture of welded structures. The thermal treatments of weldments are also discussed.

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Koichi Masubuchi, 2011. "Residual Stresses and Distortion", Welding Fundamentals and Processes, T. Lienert, T. Siewert, S. Babu, V. Acoff

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