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Plasma arc welding (PAW) can be defined as a gas-shielded arc welding process where the coalescence of metals is achieved via the heat transferred by an arc that is created between a tungsten electrode and a workpiece. This article focuses on the operating principles and procedures, current and operating modes, advantages, disadvantages, and applications of PAW. It discusses the personnel and equipment requirements, as well as the joints used in the process. The power source, plasma control console, water cooler, welding torch, and gas supply system for the plasma and shielding gases are also reviewed.

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