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This article discusses the operation principles, advantages, limitations, process parameters, consumables or electrodes, the equipment used, process variations, and safety considerations of gas metal arc welding (GMAW). It reviews the important variables of the GMAW process that affect weld penetration, bead shape, arc stability, productivity, and overall weld quality. These include welding consumables, equipment settings, and gun manipulation. The major components of a GMAW installation such as a welding gun, shielding gas supply, electrode feed unit, power source, and associated controls are discussed.

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