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Joining is key to the manufacture of large or complex devices or assemblies; construction of large and complex structures; and repair of parts, assemblies, or structures in service. This article describes the three forces for joining: physical, chemical, and mechanical. It provides an overview of the joining processes, namely, mechanical fastening, integral attachment, adhesive bonding, welding, brazing, and soldering. The article concludes with information on the various aspects of joint design and location that determine the selection of a suitable joining method.

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Robert W. Messler, Jr., An Overview of Joining Processes, Welding Fundamentals and Processes, Vol 6A, ASM Handbook, Edited By T. Lienert, T. Siewert, S. Babu, V. Acoff, ASM International, 2011, p 3–12,

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