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Arc welding is one of several fusion processes for joining metals. This article introduces the fundamentals of arc welding and provides a summary of its history and early discoveries.

This article provides the basic physics of the two most widely used arc welding processes: gas tungsten arc welding and gas metal arc welding. It describes the various control parameters of these processes such as arc length control, voltage control, heat input control, and metal-transfer control.

Qualification of welding procedures and personnel is an important step to assure the quality and performance of any welded component or structure. This article summarizes common welding procedures, personnel qualification variables, and test methods. Welding procedure qualification tests can be categorized as either standard or special. The article discusses the purpose of qualifying a welding procedure to demonstrate that the resulting welds will meet prescribed quality standards and the qualification of the personnel.

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