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This article discusses different forms of ingot and explains molten-metal processing. It describes ingot casting processes, namely, open-mold casting and direct chill (DC) process. The process variations and solidification in the DC process are summarized. The article describes continuous processes, namely, twin-roll strip casting, slab casting, and wheel-belt processes. It concludes with information on postsolidification processes, including stress relief and scalping.

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