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Abstract

One impressive example of plane front solidification (PFS) is the industrial production of large silicon single crystals, used mainly as substrates for integrated circuits. This article explores the PFS of a single phase, without taking convection into account. It discusses the solute build-up at the solid-liquid interface forming transients and steady state, the morphological stability/instability and perturbation theory, and rapid solidification effects, including solute trapping and oscillatory instabilities. The article presents a microstructural selection map that gives an overview of interface stability as a function of composition for a given alloy.

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