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This article reviews the solubilities of the common gases present in ferrous metals, such as cast irons, and nonferrous metals, such as aluminum, copper, magnesium, and their alloys. The kinetics of the relevant reactions, reactions during solidification, and possible methods of control or removal of the dissolved gases are discussed. The most common method for removing hydrogen from aluminum, copper, and magnesium is inert gas flushing. The article concludes with a discussion on overcoming gas porosity in ferrous and nonferrous metals.

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Richard J. Fruehan, Prince N. Anyalebechi, Gases in Metals, Casting, Vol 15, ASM Handbook, Edited By Srinath Viswanathan, Diran Apelian, Raymond J. Donahue, Babu DasGupta, Michael Gywn, John L. Jorstad, Raymond W. Monroe, Mahi Sahoo, Thomas E. Prucha, Daniel Twarog, ASM International, 2008, p 64–73,

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