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Several qualitative, semiquantitative, and quantitative tests are available to estimate and control metal cleanliness, particularly inclusion concentration of aluminum alloys. This article provides a brief description of few of the metal cleanliness assessment techniques, such as chemical analysis, pressure filter tests, electric resistivity tests, reduced-pressure test, and ultrasonic technique. It also lists the various impurities detection methods of chemical analysis and their limitations.

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Rathindra DasGupta, Approaches to Measurement of Metal Quality, Casting, Vol 15, ASM Handbook, Edited By Srinath Viswanathan, Diran Apelian, Raymond J. Donahue, Babu DasGupta, Michael Gywn, John L. Jorstad, Raymond W. Monroe, Mahi Sahoo, Thomas E. Prucha, Daniel Twarog, ASM International, 2008, p 1167–1173,

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