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Nitric acid is a strongly oxidizing acid that is aggressively corrosive to many metals. Its oxidizing nature is affected by acid temperature and concentration, and composition of the alloy exposed to it. This article focuses on the corrosion behavior of various ferrous and nonferrous metals and alloys when exposed to a nitric acid environment. The ferrous and nonferrous metals and alloys discussed are carbon and alloy steels, stainless steels, aluminum alloys, titanium, zirconium alloys, niobium and tantalum, and nonmetallic materials.

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