This article provides basic information on the chemical elements and their arrangement into a periodic table based on recurring similarities in the fundamental nature of the elements. These elements follow a periodic pattern related to the electron configuration that allows them to be arranged into the convenient periodic table.
The crystal structure of a material is an important aspect of corrosion and oxidation processes. This article provides a general introduction to the crystal structure of materials, providing information on the crystal systems, lattice dimensions, nomenclature, and solid-solution mechanisms used to characterize structures. It illustrates the unit cells and ion positions for some simple metal crystals, arranged alphabetically according to Pearson symbol. The space lattice and crystal system, space-group notation, and prototype for each crystal are also illustrated.