This article provides information on the process details that differ from general water atomization of metals as they relate to basic and engineering properties that are specific to stainless steel powders. The discussion focuses on the compacting-grade stainless steel powders. The process details include raw materials, melting method, and control of physical and chemical powder characteristics. The article describes the gas atomization of stainless steel powders and processes that are done after water atomization: drying, screening, annealing, and lubricating. It also discusses the two types of quality assurance testing measures for powder metallurgy stainless steels: tests for powder contamination and tests of chemical and physical properties.