This article provides information on the most frequently used atmospheres in commercial sintering of powder metallurgy iron and steel materials. These include endothermic, exothermic, dissociated ammonia, pure hydrogen, and nitrogen-base atmospheres. The article discusses sintering of iron and iron-graphite powder, iron-copper and iron-copper graphite, and alloy steels. The effects of various sinter conditions on the amount of combined carbon formed in the steel are also discussed. The article concludes with information on high-temperature sintering and sinter hardening.
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