High-Temperature Sintering of Ferrous Powder Metallurgy Components
High-temperature sintering of ferrous components continues to be important in the powder metallurgy (PM) industry. Improvements in both production rates and properties are possible as sintering temperatures increase above 1120 deg C. This article provides an overview of the different various stages of the sintering process and the physical, chemical, and metallurgical phenomena occur within the mass of metal powder particles. It discusses the four advantages of high-temperature sintering of various ferrous PM materials: improved mechanical properties, improved physical properties, development of liquid phase, and ability to sinter active elements in alloy steels. The article also provides information on three sources of process control requirements, namely, the powder blend, green density, and sintering conditions.