Cemented carbide is, in its simplest form, a metal-matrix composite of tungsten carbide particles in a cobalt matrix. This article describes the microstructure, physical, and mechanical properties of cemented carbides. The properties discussed include thermal conductivity, magnetic properties, corrosion resistance, hardness, fracture toughness, wear resistance, and thermal shock resistance. The article concludes with information on the applications, grade classification, and selection of grades.
This article discusses the methods and procedures used to extract, purify, and synthesize tungsten carbide powder, metal, and other refractory carbide/nitride powders used in hard metal production. Selection of powders, additives, equipment, and processes for making ready-to-press hard metal powders is also discussed. The article also provides information on the emerging technologies for tungsten carbide synthesis and binders in hard metal production, such as cobalt, iron, and nickel.