Powder Metallurgy Tool Steels
Powder metallurgy (PM) high-alloy tool steels (HATS) have unique properties that assist them in solving various problems related to machining of metal components. This article describes the cost-intensive PM processing routes of HATS, as well as their major properties, including elastic properties, density, mechanical properties, grindability, fatigue and wear resistance, and thermophysical properties.
High-potential high-alloy tool steels (HATS) containing martensitic microstructure with undissolved hard phases are achieved by a number of complex heat treating cycles, predominantly tempering. This article focuses on three tempering treatments, namely, salt bath heat treatment, austenitizing, and vacuum heat treatment. It explains the result of these tempering processes with HSS M2 grade of HATS.