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Zirconium and hafnium surfaces require cleaning and finishing prior to many processes including joining, heat treating, plating, forming, and final surface finishing. This article provides information on surface treatment processes, surface soil removal, blast cleaning, chemical descaling, pickling or etching, anodizing, autoclaving, polishing, buffing, vapor phase nitriding, and electroplating. It also provides several application examples.

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R. Terrence Webster, 1994. "Surface Engineering of Zirconium and Hafnium", Surface Engineering, C.M. Cotell, J.A. Sprague, F.A. Smidt, Jr.

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