Steel Heat Treating Fundamentals and Processes
Hardenability Calculation of Carbon and Low-Alloy Steels with Low or Medium Carbon
Hardenability is a composition-dependent property of steel and depends on carbon content and other alloying elements as well as the grain size of the austenite phase. This article provides an overview of a wide range of testing procedures used to determine and quantify hardenability of shallow-hardening, low-carbon, plain carbon, and low-alloy medium-carbon steels ranging from classical fracture and etching, Grossmann hardenability, and Jominy end-quench testing to manual and computerized computational methods. The article then uses this as a backdrop for the implementation of the core concepts of hardenability in a variety of predictive tools for calculating hardenability. The Caterpillar 1E0024 Hardenability Calculator, a personal computer-based program, calculates the Jominy curve based on the steel composition. The article also describes the method for boron and nonboron steels, with calculation examples for 8645 steel and 86B45 steel.