The thin plates within a type 309 stainless steel chlorinated solvent combustion preheater/heat exchanger designed to process fumes from a solvent coating process showed severe corrosion within 6 months of service. Within a year corrosion had produced holes in the plates, allowing gases to shunt across the preheater/exchanger. Metallographic examination of the plates showed that accelerated internal oxidation had been the cause of failure. Corrosion racks of candidate alloys (types 304, 309, and 316 stainless steels, Inconel 600, Inconel 625, Incoloy 800, Incoloy 825, and Inco alloy C-276) were placed directly in the hot gas stream, containing HCl and Cl2, for in situ testing. Results of this investigation showed that nickel-chromium corrosion-resistant alloys, such as Inconel 600, Inconel 625, and Inco alloy C-276, performed well in this environment. Laboratory testing of the same alloys, along with Inconel alloys 601, 617, and 690 and stainless steel type 347 was also conducted in a simulated waste incinerator nitrogen atmosphere containing 10% Co2, 9% O2, 4% HCl, 130 ppm HBr and 100 ppm SO2 at 595, 705, 815, and 925 deg C (1100, 1300,1500, and 1700 deg F). The tests confirmed the suitability of the nickel-chromium alloys for such an environment. Inconel 625 was selected for fabrication of a new preheater/exchanger.
Brian A. Baker, Heat Exchanger Corrosion in a Chlorinated Solvent Incinerator, Handbook of Case Histories in Failure Analysis, Vol 1, Edited By Khlefa A. Esaklul, ASM International, 1992, p 118–123, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001046
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