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This article addresses classifications and designations for carbon steels and low-alloy steels, particularly high-strength low-alloy (HSLA) steels, based on chemical composition, manufacturing methods, finishing method, product form, deoxidation practice, microstructure, required strength level, heat treatment and quality descriptors. It describes the effects of alloying elements on the properties and characteristics of steels. The article provides extensive tabular data pertaining to domestic and international designations of steels.

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1990. "Classification and Designation of Carbon and Low-Alloy Steels", Properties and Selection: Irons, Steels, and High-Performance Alloys, ASM Handbook Committee

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