A cracked 356 mm (14 in.) diam slip-on flange (Ni-Cr-Mo-V steel) was submitted for failure analysis. Reported results and observations indicated that the flange was not an integral forging or a casting, as specified. It had been fabricated by welding and machining a ring insert within a flange with a larger internal diameter. The flange cracked because the welds between the flange and the insert were inadequate to withstand the bolting pressures. A warning was issued to end users of the flanges, which are being inspected nondestructively for conformance to specifications.
Mohan D. Chaudhari, Failure of a Pipe Slip-on Flange, Handbook of Case Histories in Failure Analysis, Vol 2, Edited By Khlefa A. Esaklul, ASM International, 1993, p 185–186, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001332
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