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The finite-element method (FEM) is one of the numerical techniques used for solving differential equations governing engineering problems. FEMs for simulations of metal forming processes are classified into those for the elastic-plastic and rigid-plastic analyses. This chapter presents a brief summary of process modeling in terms of important inputs for modeling, namely the geometric parameters, tool and workpiece material properties, and interface conditions (friction and heat transfer). In addition, a few case studies from the literature are discussed to examine the applications of FEM in cold forging processes.

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Prashant Mangukia, Process Modeling in Cold Forging Using Finite-Element Analysis, Cold and Hot Forging: Fundamentals and Applications, Edited By Taylan Altan, Gracious Ngaile, Gangshu Shen, ASM International, 2005, p 237–246,

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