Failure Analysis of Engineering Structures: Methodology and Case Histories
Case 23: Failure of Main Undercarriage Struts in an Aircraft
This chapter describes an investigation following an aircraft accident in which the main undercarriage struts had failed. Visual examination revealed that the starboard strut fractured about 13 cm from the end nearest the underside of the wing. A close-up view of the fracture surface indicated that cracking initiated at the outer periphery of the strut and propagated inward until overload fracture occurred. SEM imaging revealed fatigue striations along the outer periphery and dimples elsewhere, indicative of tensile overload. Based on these observations, investigators concluded that the starboard strut failed by fatigue, which overloaded the port side strut as evidenced by its slant type fracture pattern.
Failure of Main Undercarriage Struts in an Aircraft, Failure Analysis of Engineering Structures: Methodology and Case Histories, By V. Ramachandran, A.C. Raghuram, R.V. Krishnan, S.K. Bhaumik, ASM International, 2005, p 120–121, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270120
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