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This article provides an overview of tool steels, discussing their composition, properties, and behaviors. It covers all types and classes of wrought and powder metal tool steels, including high-speed steels, hot and cold-work steels, shock-resisting steels, and mold steels. It explains how the properties of these steels are determined by alloying elements, such as tungsten, molybdenum, vanadium, manganese, and chromium, and the presence of alloy carbides. It describes the types of carbides that form and how they contribute to wear resistance, toughness, high-temperature strength, and other properties.

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2001. "Tool Steels", Alloying: Understanding the Basics, J.R. Davis

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