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This article focuses on coatings and overlays adopted for use as wear- and corrosion-resistant materials in oil sand processing. It describes the most common application processes for oil sand coatings and overlays, including welding, high-velocity oxyfuel thermal spray, laser cladding, and vacuum brazing. The article provides information on the selection of overlays and materials such as chromium-carbide-base overlays and tungsten carbide metal-matrix composites.

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Gary Fisher, Tonya Wolfe, Protective Overlays and Coatings Used in Oil Sands, Thermal Spray Technology, Vol 5A, ASM Handbook, Edited By Robert C. Tucker, Jr., ASM International, 2013, p 312–317,

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