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This article provides a detailed overview of the thermomechanical modeling of additive manufacturing (AM) process. It begins with information on a basic understanding of the formation of residual stress during AM processing followed by a discussion on models commonly applied in AM modeling, such as heat-input models, material models, and material activation models. Information on experimental setup for validation and simulation of directed-energy deposition model is then included. The article also provides information on moving-source and part-scale analyses to simulate the laser powder-bed fusion AM process.

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E.R. Denlinger, P. Michaleris, Modeling Thermomechanical Effects on Additive Manufacturing, Additive Manufacturing Processes, Vol 24, ASM Handbook, Edited By David L. Bourell, William Frazier, Howard Kuhn, Mohsen Seifi, ASM International, 2020, p 265–276,

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