## Abstract

Electromagnetic problem solutions are based on the macroscopic theory of the continuous model for the electromagnetic field (EMF). It is described by a system of integral or partial differential equations for five vector quantities, namely, electric field strength, electric flux density, current density, magnetic field strength, and magnetic flux density. This article describes the behavior of the EMF by Maxwell's equations in integral or differential forms. It discusses the definition of potentials; methods of mathematical modeling; boundary conditions; and energy, power density, and electromagnetic forces.