A type 304 stainless steel tube that failed in a boiler stack economizer was analyzed to determine the cause. The investigation consisted of visual, SEM/EDS, and metallographic analysis. Several degradation mechanisms appeared to be at work, including pitting corrosion, chloride stress corrosion cracking, and fatigue fracture. Investigators concluded that the primary failure mechanism was fatigue fracture, although either of the other mechanisms may have eventually caused the tube to fail in the absence of fatigue.
ASM Reference Publications Catalog
The Fall / Winter 2019-2020 Catalog features more than 200 products including new and upcoming releases, popular best sellers, digital databases, and journals. Save now with set sales.