Metallurgical Failure Analysis of Various Implant Materials Used in Orthopedic Applications
Metallurgical SEM analysis provides many insights into the failure of biomedical materials and devices. The results of several such investigations are reported here, including findings and conclusions from the examination a total hip prosthesis, stainless steel and titanium compression plates, and hollow spinal rods. Some of the failure mechanisms that were identified include corrosive attack, corrosion plus erosion-corrosion, inclusions and stress gaps, production impurities, design flaws, and manufacturing defects. Failure prevention and mitigation strategies are also discussed.
B. Aksakal, O.S. Yildirim, H. Gul, 2019. "Metallurgical Failure Analysis of Various Implant Materials Used in Orthopedic Applications", Handbook of Case Histories in Failure Analysis, Larry Berardinis
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