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This chapter discusses the processes involved in three general types of welding used in ironworking, namely braze welding, solid state welding, and fusion welding. The discussion covers the types and range of weld-metal structures that are developed and provides some indication of the conditions under which these structures arise. The solid state welding covered includes vacuum diffusion, forge, friction, electrical-resistance, and explosive welding. The fusion welding discussed are submerged-arc, electroslag, shielded-arc, gas tungsten-arc, gas, and electron-beam welding.

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1999. "Welding", Light Microscopy of Carbon Steels, Leonard E. Samuels

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