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The nature of the aggregate of ferrite and cementite in a steel is determined principally by the temperature at which its parent austenite transformed. This chapter discusses the processes involved in the formation of pearlite, bainite, martensite, proeutectoid ferrite, and proeutectoid cementite in the transformation of eutectoid, hypoeutectoid, and hypereutectoid steels at subcritical temperatures. In addition, it provides information on the processes involved in the transformation of austenite during continuous cooling.

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1999. "Transformation of Austenite", Light Microscopy of Carbon Steels, Leonard E. Samuels

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