Chapter 5: Low-Carbon Structural Steels
This chapter is a detailed account of low-carbon structural steels used in a condition equivalent to the annealed or normalized condition. The discussion covers the composition, characteristics, microstructural features, properties, and applications of mild, carbon-manganese, niobium-containing, vanadium-containing, and high-strength low-alloy steels. The factors that determine the length of the sulfide inclusions sufficient to cause lamellar tearing in a rolled plate and the factors governing the development of ferrite-pearlite banding are considered. In addition, the chapter provides information on free-machining and resulfurized leaded grades. The characteristics by which manganese sulfide inclusions in low carbon steels can be identified by light microscopy are also considered.
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