Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) approach enables essentially simultaneous examination of microstructural features through imaging from lower magnifications to atomic resolution and the acquisition of chemical and crystallographic information from small regions of the thin specimen. This article discusses fundamentals of the technique, especially for solving materials problems. Background information is provided to help understand basic operations and principles, including instrumentation, the physics of signal generation and detection, image formation, electron diffraction, and spectrometry techniques with data analysis.
Masashi Watanabe, Transmission Electron Microscopy, Materials Characterization, Vol 10, 2019 ed., ASM Handbook, ASM International, 2019, p 592–613, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.hb.v10.a0006681
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ASM Handbook Volume 11A: Analysis and Prevention of Component and Equipment Failures
Volume 11A provides information and insights on the factors that determine the useful service life of engineering components and the likely timing and mode of failure.