The Mossbauer effect (ME) is a spectroscopic method for observing nuclear gamma-ray fluorescence using the recoil-free transitions of a nucleus embedded in a solid lattice. This article provides an overview of the fundamental principles of ME, covering recoil-free fraction, absorption, selection rules, gamma-ray polarization, isomer shift, quadrupole interaction, and magnetic interaction. Experimental arrangement for obtaining ME spectra is described and several examples of the applications of ME are presented. The article contains tables listing some properties of Mossbauer transitions and principal methods used for producing ME sources.
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