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wrought tool steels

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... The built-up edge on the cutting tool during machining of low-carbon steel often breaks off and embeds in the workpiece surface when the cutting tool fluid is not effectively cooling and lubricating. The workpiece may be rejected or fracture due to the embedded fragments. Flooding the cutting zone...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003507
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... attributed to rolling during fabrication. Example 1: Fracture of a Forging Die Caused by Segregation <xref rid="a0003507-ref5" ref-type="bibr">(Ref 5)</xref> A cross-recessed die of D5 tool steel fractured in service. The die face was subjected to shear and tensile stresses as a result of the forging...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of wrought products. The article addresses the types of flaws or defects that can be introduced during the steel forging process itself, including defects originating in the ingot-casting process. Defects found in nonferrous forgings—titanium, aluminum, and copper and copper alloys—also are covered...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001266
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... of Other Parts in Same or Similar Service The substitution of cast stainless steel for the traditional wrought stainless steel or cast cobalt-chromium alloy in this application caused a dramatic reduction in strength and an attendant increase in the likelihood of mechanical failure. Cast stainless...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003566
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... tools. Using high-speed photography, these researchers determined that the velocity of a hammer head striking 16-penny nails being driven into wood by an experienced carpenter was 14 m/s (45 ft/s), and, furthermore, when striking a hammer against a steel anvil in a deliberate attempt to cause spalling...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001848
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... with significant contributions from the other damage mechanisms. forging die fracture thermal cycling wear tool steel heat checking deformation optical profilometry thermal conductivity H13 (chromium hot-work tool steel) UNS T20813 CuZn39Pb3 (copper-zinc wrought brass) UNS C38500 Introduction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... alloys, nickel alloys, gold, silver, stainless steel, tool steel, and titanium alloys. Of the metals used in AM production, titanium and its alloys are used prevalently for high-value biomedical and aerospace parts. The deposition rate is lower for PBF, but the PBF processes offer better surface finish...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001108
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
.... Metals Handbook , 9th ed. , Vol 3 , Properties and Selection: Stainless Steels, Tool Materials and Special Purpose Metals , American Society for Metals , 1980 , p 214 . Selected References Selected References • Creep and Stress Rupture Failures , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003529
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... than may be acceptable for wrought product. If the material has been subject to a surface treatment such as carburization of steel, the chemist should be told, so that an erroneous carbon content based on analysis of layers including the enriched surface layers is not reported. When a component...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... analysis fatigue strength stainless steel (duplex wrought stainless steel) 316 (austenitic wrought stainless steel) UNS S31600 Introduction The petrochemical industry is one of the most dynamic segments of the world economy, and its growth in the last years has led to the development of new...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... tool steel) UNS T20813 Al-6063 (6xxx series, wrought aluminum-magnesium silicon alloy) UNS A96063 Introduction A very important factor contributing to the performance and economics (efficiency and quality) of any hot metalforming process is the service life of tooling. Product rework...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006760
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... Characterize wrought material by producing longitudinal and transverse sections. Each direction shows different information ( Fig. 1 ). Fig. 1 Wrought material is characterized by producing longitudinal and transverse sections. Each direction shows different information. (a) Medium-carbon steel plate...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001841
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... fracture ultrasonic vibration damage stainless steel nitinol striations beach marks SEM analysis natural frequency 316L (austenitic wrought stainless steel) UNS S31603 nitinol (nickel-titanium shape memory alloy) UNS N01555 Background Ultrasonic cleaning has been known for years to have...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006800
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... function). Therefore, failure analysts need to understand the underlying principles and practices of design and materials selection as basic tools in failure prevention. However, failure analysts also recognize that the synergistic effects of service conditions, manufacturing effects, and material...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c9001690
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
... in stainless steel, one femoral nail plate in stainless steel, one oral maxillofacial plate for jaw reconstruction in a Ti-6Al-4V alloy, and several Nitinol (wrought nickel-titanium shape memory alloy) orthodontic archwires. The experimental procedures consisted of visual inspection of the samples, macroscopic...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., stainless steel, age-hardening aluminum alloys, etc.), its general product form (e.g., wrought, cast, powder metallurgy, etc.), and the processing method (e.g., forged, die cast, injection molded, etc.). All of these factors must be considered when the shape of a part is defined during configuration design...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... be uniformly spaced, more even cooling rates can be obtained by filling the holes with heat-resistant material or by closing them with a bolt. Fig. 2 Quench cracks formed in oil-quenched tool steel die. Cracks originated from the sharp corners of the keyway and from holes that were located too close...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... to the machine tool and less heat generation [ 7 ]. The AISI 11xx grades are the common U.S. designations for resulfurized carbon steels, and grade AISI 1144 (~0.44 wt.% carbon) is one of the most common alloys of this type that the analyst will encounter. AISI 1045 plain carbon steel (~0.45 wt.% carbon) can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... frequently for testing very large specimens such as forged steel or wrought alloy steel rolls. In this procedure, a diamond-tipped hammer is dropped from a fixed height onto the surface of the material being tested. The height of rebound of the hammer is a measure of the hardness of the metal. Leeb...