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wrought titanium

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c9001610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... microanalysis ISO Standards: Metallic Materials for Surgical Implants Table 2 ISO Standards: Metallic Materials for Surgical Implants Material Identification Wrought stainless steel ISO 5832-1 Pure titanium ISO 5832-2 Wrought titanium 6-aluminum 4-vanadium alloy ISO 5832-3 Cast...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001804
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Scientifiques Revue de Métallurgie , Octobre , 1989 , pp. 625 – 637 6. ISO 5832-1:2007 , Implants for surgery—Metallic materials—Part 1: Wrought stainless steel , Part 2: Commercially pure titanium, part 3: Titanium alloys 7. ASTM F138-08 , tandard Specification for Wrought 18Chromium...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of wrought products. The article addresses the types of flaws or defects that can be introduced during the steel forging process itself, including defects originating in the ingot-casting process. Defects found in nonferrous forgings—titanium, aluminum, and copper and copper alloys—also are covered...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... Shepard L.A. et al. , Characterization of a failed spinal implant (Harrington rod) , in ASM Conference Proceedings , Metals Park ( 1988 ), pp. 411 – 418 3. ASTM F136-02a , Standard specification for wrought titanium–6 aluminum–4 vanadium ELI (extra low interstitial) alloy for surgical...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001394
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... that failure resulted from an intergranular attack. Subsequent microscope examination confirmed the generally intergranular mode of failure. A macro-etched section near the fracture revealed a radial arrangement of columnar crystals, indicating that the spindle was a cast and not a wrought product as had been...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c9001690
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
... in stainless steel, one femoral nail plate in stainless steel, one oral maxillofacial plate for jaw reconstruction in a Ti-6Al-4V alloy, and several Nitinol (wrought nickel-titanium shape memory alloy) orthodontic archwires. The experimental procedures consisted of visual inspection of the samples, macroscopic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... techniques. For example, EBM of titanium alloy results in finer structure compared to conventional casting techniques; corrosion resistance of EBM Ti-6Al-4V is different than wrought forms ( Ref 28 ). Another advantage of the extremely high build temperature in the EBM systems over the SLM systems...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006760
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... Characterize wrought material by producing longitudinal and transverse sections. Each direction shows different information ( Fig. 1 ). Fig. 1 Wrought material is characterized by producing longitudinal and transverse sections. Each direction shows different information. (a) Medium-carbon steel plate...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003507
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article describes the general root causes of failure associated with wrought metals and metalworking. This includes a brief review of the discontinuities or imperfections that may be the common sources of failure-inducing defects in bulk working of wrought products. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in tissue and organ-culture tests ( Ref 4 , 5 , 6 ). Some of the metals play important roles in the body metabolism, although they can become toxic beyond certain concentrations ( Ref 7 ). For other metals that behave indifferently in the body, such as titanium, no metabolic function is yet known...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001803
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... orthopedic implant devices fracture corrosion inclusions and stress gaps medical materials cracking fretting pitting fractography fracture toughness Ti6Al4V (titanium-aluminum-vanadium alloy) UNS R56406 316L stainless steel (austenitic wrought stainless steel) UNS S31603 Introduction...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... analysis, metallographic analysis, and simulated-service tests. It provides case studies for the analysis of SCC service failures and their occurrence in steels, stainless steels, and commercial alloys of aluminum, copper, magnesium, and titanium. aluminum alloys austenitic stainless steel carbon...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
..., or calcium can be added to hypoeutectic aluminum-silicon alloys to progressively change the silicon lamellae into rounded particles, and phosphorus refines the size of silicon particles in hypereutectic aluminum-silicon alloys ( Ref 26 ). Microsegregation in wrought alloys is a microstructural defect...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... caustic solutions High-nickel alloys High-purity steam Alpha brass Ammoniacal solutions, chloramine, amine Aluminum alloys Aqueous chloride, bromide, and iodide solutions Titanium alloys Aqueous chloride, bromide, and iodide solutions; organic liquids; N 2 O 4 Magnesium alloys Aqueous...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... focuses on the types of hydrogen embrittlement that occur in all the major commercial metal and alloy systems, including stainless steels, nickel-base alloys, aluminum and aluminum alloys, titanium and titanium alloys, copper and copper alloys, and transition and refractory metals. The specific types...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006828
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... metals to ceramics. Procedures for brazing various materials such as cast irons, steels, stainless steels, heat-resistant alloys, aluminum alloys, titanium alloys, copper alloys, reactive and refractory metals, and carbon and graphite are described in Welding, Brazing, and Soldering , Volume 6...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001841
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... fracture ultrasonic vibration damage stainless steel nitinol striations beach marks SEM analysis natural frequency 316L (austenitic wrought stainless steel) UNS S31603 nitinol (nickel-titanium shape memory alloy) UNS N01555 Background Ultrasonic cleaning has been known for years to have...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... reactions of hydrogen with matrix or alloy elements form high-pressure pockets of gases other than molecular hydrogen. Cracking from hydride formation Transition, rare earth, alkaline-earth metals, and their alloys (includes titanium, tantalum, zirconium, uranium, and thorium) Brittle hydrides often...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001591
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... be produced if a low sulfur pig iron was used, such as that smelted from low sulfur iron ore obtained from Sweden. This was a common source of iron ore used in Britain in the late 19th and early 20th century. 8 , 9 However, Swedish iron ore contained about 15% titanium dioxide, which requires more fuel...