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work hardening

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001724
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... in operation, arising from a combination of stresses which will be discussed later, so it is very desirable that the rather soft and yielding austenitic steel be hardened and strengthened — and this can be done only by cold working (actually, warm working). For such a large ring as this — 52.75 in. inside...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001160
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... are prone to smearing and work hardening during machining, it was recommended that these types of steels be machined only with sharp, short tools mounted in rigid structures. In addition, residual stresses should be eliminated by post-process annealing in a protective atmosphere. Chlorides Worm gears...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001905
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... testing confirmed that the component was in the annealed condition and not in the required work-hardened 1/4-hard condition. Bombs (weapons) Retaining bands Equiaxed structure Dimensional measurements 302 UNS S30200 Heat treating related failures Introduction Acknowledgments...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... the 15th through the 17th compressor stages, as were stator vanes and casing sections. The fractured surface of the 17th blade showed multiple origins along with secondary cracking and extensive propagation that preceded separation. The metallographic analysis of the microstructure suggested work hardening...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001345
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... be heat treated after swaging to reduce or eliminate strain hardening of the metal. Boiler tubes Cold working (swaging) Strain hardening Sulfur 304 grade TP Metalworking-related failures Stress-corrosion cracking Background Testing Procedure and Results Discussion Conclusion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001451
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... and many other parts of lifting components are subjected give rise to severe pressure and abrasion of the wearing surfaces, which become work-hardened in consequence. It is well known that a work-hardened surface is liable to initiate a fracture of the brittle type, and the primary object of the periodical...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... into the dished head at the backing ring end and there was no sign of pitting on these welds. These nozzles penetrated the head at a point just clear of the knuckle and hence were in an area where the level of work hardening would be lower than that in the parallel portion of the flange, adjacent...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0001784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
...Abstract Abstract Field fatigue failures occurred in a hand-operated gear shift lever mechanism made of 1049 medium carbon steel hardened to 269 to 285 HB. The failures occurred in the 3.18 mm (0.127 in.) radius. Redesign increased the shift lever's diameter to 25 mm (1 in.) and the radius...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c9001259
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... by which it was produced. A stronger decarburization of the case was a contributing factor that could not be prevented by working because the thread was rolled. Hardening tests conducted by the bolt manufacturer showed that quench cracks did not occur in specimens that were turned down before hardening...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003513
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... for the various δ mat (i.e., δ c , δ u , and δ m , defined in Table 1 ), K I critical may be computed through a combination of Eq 12 , 13 , and 24 ( Table 3 ). Level 2a FAC ( Fig. 4 ) is meant for low work-hardening materials and is identical to the original form of the R6 curve ( Eq 1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... application, sheet metals become stronger from a phenomenon known as work hardening or strain hardening. Concurrent with this increasing load, the actual cross-sectional area of the tensile dog bone decreases. The strength increase from work hardening is greater than the loss of the load-carrying...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... Manganese sulfides have little or no effect on yield strength, ultimate tensile strength, work hardening exponent, and work hardening rate in the longitudinal direction, which makes it advantageous for simple loading applications [ 8 , 9 ]. Sulfide content is known to decrease transverse ductility...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001399
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... the back plate becoming detached. On the remaining portion, cracks were visible running between the holes for rivets by which the vanes were attached. Metallographic examination of selected sections from the backplate revealed the material to be in the hardened and tempered condition, and the cracking...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001245
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
...Abstract Abstract A working roll of 210 mm diam and 500 mm face length was examined because of shell-shaped fractures. The roll consisted of Fe-0.83C-1.6Cr steel. The chromium content was low for a roll of this diam. The crack origin was located about 10 mm under the roil face. Surface hardness...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001357
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract Two 20 MW turbines suffered damage to second-stage blades prematurely. The alloy was determined to be a precipitation-hardening nickel-base superalloy comparable to Udimet 500, Udimet 710, or Rene 77. Typical protective coatings were not found. Test results further showed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract Several compressor disks in military fighter and trainer aircraft gas turbine engines cracked prematurely in the bolt hole regions. The disks were made of precipitation-hardened AM355 martensitic stainless steel. Experimental and analytical work was performed on specimens from...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... associated with nonferrous heat treatments. The processes involved in cold working of certain ferrous and nonferrous alloys are also covered. carbonitriding carburizing cold working failure analysis furnaces hardenability nonferrous alloys quenching stress stainless steel tempering...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001723
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
.... The above series of tests was carried out five days after shearing and, in order to check if natural ageing was a further factor in promoting brittleness, additional specimens were work-hardened on one sawn edge by hammer blows and others impressed with a notch formed by forcing into the specimen a 1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... occurs in both compound and normal-impact contacts; it is characterized by material smearing and transfer of material from one contacting body to the other ( Ref 23 ). This occurs as a result of the formation of welded junctions at asperity tips, as shown in Fig. 7 . Cracks nucleate in the work-hardened...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... that enhances cross slip or twinning, or that increases the rate of work hardening will retard crack nucleation. On the other hand, alloying usually raises the flow stress of a metal, which speeds up crack propagation, thus at least partly offsetting the potentially beneficial effect on fatigue-crack nucleation...