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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
.... In less than one year, the panels began to delaminate and the aluminum began to crack. It was found that the failure was the result of chloride-induced intergranular corrosion caused by chemicals in the adhesive and excessive moisture in the wood introduced during manufacturing. Adhesive joints...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001619
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... Abstract A splined shaft on a wood chip-to-fiber refiner failed during equipment start-up. The shaft broke into two pieces at a location close to the end of the splined part of the shaft. The failed component showed the classical fatigue-cracking fracture face. The shaft had a diam...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001510
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... magnification inspection near the origin area revealed a flat, wood-like appearance. Scanning electron microscopy divulged the presence of substantial mud cracking and intergranular separation on the fracture surface. Metallographic examination revealed intergranular cracking and substantial leaf separation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract Routine inspections of a carbon steel wood pulp digester revealed a sharply increasing number of cracks in the overlay metal on the internal surface of the digester after 1 and 2 years of service. The weld overlay was composed of type 309 stainless steel on the top fourth...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001389
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
.... Associated Environments Many manufacturers use wood-flour-filled phenol formaldehyde molding material when making molding cases for small circuit breakers. The phenolic resin contains an accelerator, hexamethylene tetramine, which aids in setting the resin. Heat supplied by the molding press causes...
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
. A nonmetallic stirrer would be better. At right, the distance from a metal container to a heater coil should be increased to minimize ion transfer. (f) Wood treated with copper preservatives can be corrosive to certain nails. Aluminum cladding can also be at risk. (g) Contact of two metals through a fluid trap More
Image
Published: 15 January 2021
deposit on the aluminum stirrer. A nonmetallic stirrer would be better. At right, the distance from a metal container to a heater coil should be increased to minimize ion transfer. (f) Wood treated with copper preservatives can be corrosive to certain nails. Aluminum cladding can also be at risk. (g More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... beat treatments, the microstructures show that the bent and fractured bars had been cut parallel and perpendicular, respectively, to the rolling direction. Similar to wood logs, which split easily lengthwise along the wood grains, the fracture toughness of steel is typically far greater on planes...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c0048397
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
... the extensive corrosion holes on a metallographic section of the plate. The plate, manufactured from a chromium steel, exhibited transformation structures and carbides. The screws, which are formed like wood screws, were made from a soft austenitic 304 stainless steel and exhibited minimal surface corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001307
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... to compressive stresses, except when braking. Circumstances Leading to Failure A tractor-trailer combination loaded with wood chips was approaching an intersection on a rural highway. When the driver applied the brakes he hear a snap and found that he had lost control of vehicle. The vehicle veered...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003566
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... tools. Using high-speed photography, these researchers determined that the velocity of a hammer head striking 16-penny nails being driven into wood by an experienced carpenter was 14 m/s (45 ft/s), and, furthermore, when striking a hammer against a steel anvil in a deliberate attempt to cause spalling...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001455
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
.... The extrusion process results in a wood-grain-like structure along the fibres of which, corrosion proceeds, ultimately causing the surface layers to lift. Figures 1 and 2 depict regions on the main jib angles of a dockside crane which suffered this form of corrosion after 7 years' service in a saline...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... face the bursting open of grain boundaries can be recognized ( Fig. 14 ). By loosening the structure the strength is decreased and all toughness data drop to a fraction of their original values. Fractures adopt the appearance of wood fibre structure and mat grey colour ( Fig. 15 ). Similar to pickle...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001687
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... ). 12. Wild R.K. , “Surface Analysis, Techniques and Applications” , p. 73 , Edited by Neagle W. and Randell D.R. , published by The Royal Society of Chemistry , ( 1990 ). 13. Whittle D.P. , Wood G.C. , Evans D.J. and Scully D.B. : Acta Metallurgica, 15...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001122
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... failures Spalling wear Background A sledgehammer chipped during use. The chip struck a bystander in the eye, leading to its loss. The hammerhead material was UNS G10800 (AISI/SAE grade 1080). Circumstances Leading to Failure Two 16-year-olds were using a maul to split wood. The maul became...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of a Controllable Pitch Propeller ( Technische Universiteit Eindhoven , Eindhoven , 2009 ) 2. Keefe R.W. , Design of a Controllable Pitch Underwater Thruster System ( Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Massachusetts Institute of Technology , Cambridge , 1993 ) 10.1575/1912/5531 3...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001802
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
..., Lindsay Wood, Alex Wagner, Dr. Ming Wu, and Dr. Steven Murray are acknowledged for their technical contributions to this research. References References 1. Gall K. , Yang N. , Sehitoglu H. , and Chumlyakov Y. : “ Fracture of Precipitated NiTi Shape Memory Alloys ,” Int. J...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
..., Division 1 , Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code , American Society of Mechanical Engineers , New York , 2017 4. Benac D.J. , Shaffer D. , and Wood D. , “ Managing Cold Embrittlement and Brittle Fracture Hazards in Ammonia Related Industries ,” 60th AIChE, Safety in Ammonia Plants...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Communication , Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics , 3rd ed. , Salvendy G. , Ed., John Wiley & Sons , New Jersey , 2006 10.1002/0470048204.ch32 10. Ayres T.J. , Gross M.M. , Wood C.T. , Horst D.P. , Beyer R.R. , and Robinson J.N. , What Is a Warning...