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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... by a supplier. In less than one year, the panels began to delaminate and the aluminum began to crack. It was found that the failure was the result of chloride-induced intergranular corrosion caused by chemicals in the adhesive and excessive moisture in the wood introduced during manufacturing. Adhesive...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001619
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
...Abstract Abstract A splined shaft on a wood chip-to-fiber refiner failed during equipment start-up. The shaft broke into two pieces at a location close to the end of the splined part of the shaft. The failed component showed the classical fatigue-cracking fracture face. The shaft had a diam...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001510
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... of the grip. Higher magnification inspection near the origin area revealed a flat, wood-like appearance. Scanning electron microscopy divulged the presence of substantial mud cracking and intergranular separation on the fracture surface. Metallographic examination revealed intergranular cracking...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract Routine inspections of a carbon steel wood pulp digester revealed a sharply increasing number of cracks in the overlay metal on the internal surface of the digester after 1 and 2 years of service. The weld overlay was composed of type 309 stainless steel on the top fourth...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... had been cut parallel and perpendicular, respectively, to the rolling direction. Similar to wood logs, which split easily lengthwise along the wood grains, the fracture toughness of steel is typically far greater on planes oriented across the steel grains (transverse to the rolling direction). A close...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001389
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... on silver-tungsten contacts. Many manufacturers use wood-flour-filled phenol formaldehyde molding material when making molding cases for small circuit breakers. The phenolic resin contains an accelerator, hexamethylene tetramine, which aids in setting the resin. Heat supplied by the molding press causes...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c0048397
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
... the extensive corrosion holes on a metallographic section of the plate. The plate, manufactured from a chromium steel, exhibited transformation structures and carbides. The screws, which are formed like wood screws, were made from a soft austenitic 304 stainless steel and exhibited minimal surface corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003566
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... tools. Using high-speed photography, these researchers determined that the velocity of a hammer head striking 16-penny nails being driven into wood by an experienced carpenter was 14 m/s (45 ft/s), and, furthermore, when striking a hammer against a steel anvil in a deliberate attempt to cause spalling...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001307
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... when braking. A tractor-trailer combination loaded with wood chips was approaching an intersection on a rural highway. When the driver applied the brakes he hear a snap and found that he had lost control of vehicle. The vehicle veered to the left and then rolled over. The river suffered a broken...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... . 10.1243/PIME_PROC_1939_141_034_02 32. Cornelius H. , “Einfluss von Einspannungen auf das Dauerfestigkeitsverhalten einer Kaltansgcharteten Aluminium - Kupfer - Magnesium - Knetlegierungen,” Z. Metallk., Vol. 36 , 1944 , p. 101 . 33. Gough H. J. and Wood W. A. , Proc. I...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003502
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... over the years to help in carrying out design projects, such as shown in Fig. 1 . Design processes within this context are discussed in “Overview of The Design Process” by Dixon ( Ref 2 ), and “Conceptual and Configuration Design of Products and Assemblies” by Otto and Wood ( Ref 3 ) in Volume 20...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... and Pressure Vessel Code , American Society of Mechanical Engineers , New York , 2017 4. Benac D.J. , Shaffer D. , and Wood D. , “ Managing Cold Embrittlement and Brittle Fracture Hazards in Ammonia Related Industries ,” 60th AIChE, Safety in Ammonia Plants and Related Facilities...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001455
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... corrosion” has been given. The extrusion process results in a wood-grain-like structure along the fibres of which, corrosion proceeds, ultimately causing the surface layers to lift. Figures 1 and 2 depict regions on the main jib angles of a dockside crane which suffered this form of corrosion after 7...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... face the bursting open of grain boundaries can be recognized ( Fig. 14 ). By loosening the structure the strength is decreased and all toughness data drop to a fraction of their original values. Fractures adopt the appearance of wood fibre structure and mat grey colour ( Fig. 15 ). Similar to pickle...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... and Laughery K.R. , Warnings and Hazard Communication , Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics , 3rd ed. , Salvendy G. , Ed., John Wiley & Sons , New Jersey , 2006 10.1002/0470048204.ch32 10. Ayres T.J. , Gross M.M. , Wood C.T. , Horst D.P. , Beyer R.R...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001687
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... of Chemistry , ( 1990 ). 13. Whittle D.P. , Wood G.C. , Evans D.J. and Scully D.B. : Acta Metallurgica, 15 , 1747 – 1753 , ( 1967 ). 14. Metals Handbook , Volume 1 , Tenth Edition , American Society of Metals , Materials Park, Ohio, U.S.A. , ( 1990 ). 15. Fisher...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001122
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...-olds were using a maul to split wood. The maul became stuck in a log. To free the maul, one young man struck it with a sledgehammer. A metal chip flew off and hit the other young man in the eye. Standards for sledgehammers and mauls are provided in ANSI/HTI B 173.3-1985 ( Ref 1 ). Standards...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Universiteit Eindhoven , Eindhoven , 2009 ) 2. Keefe R.W. , Design of a Controllable Pitch Underwater Thruster System ( Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Massachusetts Institute of Technology , Cambridge , 1993 ) 10.1575/1912/5531 3. A Smart Way of Using a Controllable Pitch...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... – 1076 10.1080/10402004.2013.823531 66. Evans M.H. , Wang L. , and Wood R.J.K. , Formation Mechanisms of White Etching Cracks and White Etching Area under Rolling Contact Fatigue , Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. J, J. Eng. Tribol. , Vol 228 ( No. 10 ), 2014 , p 1047 – 1062 10.1177...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001702
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... iron-titanium oxides, iron sulfides (which are included in the opaque category as minor portions of other constituents), carbonate minerals of calcium and magnesium, wood fragments, and holes. Percent abundance of mineral and rock fragments in fine aggregate (n = number of thin sections). Table 3...