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window-type fracture

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003542
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... , Engineered Materials Handbook , ASM International , 1991 , p 652 – 662 • Orr L. , Practical Applications of Fractures in Glass Windows , Mater. Res. Stand. , Vol 12 , 1972 , p 21 –23, 47 • Quinn J.B. , Extrapolation of Fracture Mirror and Crack-Branch Sizes to Large...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... materials Bond type Material Bond energy kJ/mol kcal/mol Ionic NaCl 640 153 MgO 1000 239 Covalent Si 450 108 C (diamond) 713 170 Metallic Hg 68 16 Al 324 77 Fe 406 97 W 849 203 van der Waals Ar 7.8 1.8 Cl 2 31 7.4 Hydrogen NH 3 35...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003539
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Prevention , Vol 11 , Metals Handbook ( 9th ed. ), American Society for Metals , 1986 , p 252 – 262 20. Orr L. , Practical Analysis of Fractures in Glass Windows , Materials Research and Standards , Jan 1972 , p 21 – 23 21. So P.K. , Fractography , Engineering Plastics...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... for Metals , 1986 , p 252 – 262 20. Orr L. , Practical Analysis of Fractures in Glass Windows , Materials Research and Standards , Jan 1972 , p 21 – 23 21. Hayes M.D. , Edwards D.B. , and Shah A.R. , Fractography in Failure Analysis of Polymers , Elsevier...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... pipe section. Failure occurred when a segment of pipe 38 mm (1 1 2 in.) long by 13 mm ( 1 2 in.) wide blew out of the pipe wall. This type of failure is known as a window fracture. Figure 2 is a close-up view of the window. Note that the fracture was brittle in nature, with very...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003536
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Fig. 13(a) . Two major types of features observed in these horizontal sections are islands of fractured material of interest surrounded by plating and/or mounting material (see Fig. 13b ) and lakes of mounting/plating material within the islands of the fractured material of interest (see Fig. 13c...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0048309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...) Decarburizing Carbon Steel Hydrogen damage and embrittlement A 75-mm (3-in.) outside-diameter × 7.4-mm (0.290-in.) wall thickness carbon steel boiler tube ruptured as shown in Fig. 1 . The fracture was of the brittle window type, without the fishmouth appearance characteristic of overheating failures...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... The effect of crack-like defects, stress concentration at the weld toe, residual tensile stress, and lack of penetration contributed to a shorter fatigue crack initiation phase and premature failure. concentric pipe fatigue fracture welding defects steel window-type fracture optical...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... process. These fractures exhibit an outer circumferential zone of irregular detail with evidence of thermal checks and intergranular separation and an inner fracture zone typical of a progressive-type fatigue fracture. In both cases, copper from the bronze-backed journal bearings was absorbed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001711
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Figure 1 . In this case, fracture is not due to overheating: it does not exhibits any “fishmouth” or “cobra” appearance. Fig. 1 10CrMo9-10 steel after 125,000 service hours. Neither is it due to graphitization of hydrogen damage, in which case a “brittle” or “windowfracture should be...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006756
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... ) Leak type Pinhole leaks or thick-lipped rupture Thick-lipped window-shaped rupture Pinhole leaks or thick-lipped rupture Locations High heat-flux regions, horizontal and inclined tubing, and locations with flow disruptions High heat-flux regions, horizontal and inclined tubing, and locations...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c9001578
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... unit had experienced in its original location and allowed for satisfactory operation of the NMR. The installation and operation of a rotary casting conveyor apparently caused high levels of vibration of the walls and windows in the control room of a foundry. The windows in the control room...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003521
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... conditions causing corrosion by removing steel protective oxide and producing hydrogen Combination of high pressure, high inside surface metal temperature, and high local concentrations of mono- or disodium phosphate Leak type Pinhole leaks or thick-lipped rupture Thick-lipped window-shaped rupture...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... result in leakage rather than sudden fracture) may be classified as ruptures caused by overheating and ruptures caused by embrittlement. Each type has characteristic features. When water is boiled in a tube having uniform heat flux (rate of heat transfer) along its length under conditions that...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... design a wide variety of components, such as pressure vessels, vehicles, and machinery of all types. These designs often contain moving parts and use materials with highly specific performance requirements. Materials selection can include all materials and processes. Many codes and standards are also...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006770
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... most applications for failure analysis, qualitative results are adequate, but the method can determine quantitative elemental compositions to a precision of 0.01 wt% with relative accuracies of ±5%, depending on the specific material, type of x-ray detector used, the method of data analysis employed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006759
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... chemical analysis techniques in failure analysis of various types of materials. These techniques, when used correctly, provide vital data to the investigation. Although failure analysis investigations are often time-critical, careful preplanning of the type and location of chemical analysis ensures that...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... with a discussion on correlations between laboratory results and service. bearings brittle materials cavitation erosion cavitation resistance cavitation test centrifugal pumps ductile materials gearbox CAVITATION EROSION is a type of wear in hydraulic turbines, on pump impellers, on...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and triangulate AE stress-wave source in response to mechanical or thermal stress. Corrosion, stress-corrosion cracking, weld cracking, creep and fatigue cracking Sensitive to noise and vibration; identifies location of discontinuity rather than type of discontinuity Allows the whole volume of the...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001396
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... oxidation Brittle fracture Hydrogen damage and embrittlement In the middle of the 1950's, an unusual type of corrosion made its appearance in several boilers in the Central Power Stations in the United Kingdom. In many instances it resulted in embrittlement and violent rupture of the generating tubes...