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white cast iron

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0047347
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract A high-chromium white cast iron shell liner installed in an ore crusher sustained impact damage in the course of operation. Visual-optical examination revealed horizontal cracks on the surface of the liner along with particles that had fractured off. Metallographic examination...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001058
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract A white cast iron water-line plug in a fire sprinkler systems split during leak repair. Examination revealed no material flaws, fatigue, or excessive corrosion. The plug head exhibited signs of excessive loads used in attempts to force the plug farther into the pipe...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c0047352
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p 671 – 699 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543 The chemical composition of the liners was reported to be within specifications for high-chromium white cast iron. The two broken liners were sand blasted for visual inspection and subsequent metallography...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0047234
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
...Abstract Abstract Several deburring drums that fractured were filled with abrasive, water, and small parts, such as roller bearing rollers, and rotated on their axis at 36 rpm. Cracks were discovered very early in the service lives of these high-chromium white iron cast structures. All...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... must possess both high toughness and excellent wear resistance [ 2 ]. While pearlitic white cast iron, martensitic cast iron, and austenitic manganese steel are all abrasion-resistant materials, martensitic cast irons may wear more slowly than the other materials under heavy blows or high...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c0091853
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... no indications of severe impact wear were noted, and because fracture and spalling were not observed, a harder plate material such as white cast iron or a work-hardening manganese steel could be used. Either material would lead to a larger value of the hardness ratio, possibly leading to lower wear...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of Metallic Materials , Z. Metallkd. , Vol 69 , 1978 , p 643 – 650 26. Zum Gahr K.-H. and Doane D.V. , Optimizing Fracture Toughness and Abrasion Resistance in White Cast Irons , Metall. Trans. A , Vol 11 , 1980 , p 613 – 620 10.1007/BF02670698 27. Czichos H...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... crushers, and earth-moving tools, the manganese steels have been partially displaced by low-alloy quenched-and-tempered steels and martensitic white irons ( Ref 10 ). High-Stress, Or Grinding, Abrasion High-stress, or grinding, abrasion occurs when abrasive particles are compressed between two solid...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... hardness ratio, hard (Fe,Cr) 3 C carbides found in low-alloy nickel-chromium irons and harder (Fe,Cr) 7 C 3 carbides found in high-chromium white cast irons are used. Dependence on Galvanic Interaction between Minerals and Metal Alloys Electrochemical interactions between ore minerals and grinding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... white cast iron, and WC-Co, and with hardnesses in excess of 600 kg/mm 2 display a very high abrasion resistance (even mild wear); in fact, abrasive wear in these materials is mainly restricted to the metallic matrix, whereas the hard phases resist the abrasive action. (However, if the applied load...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... these materials are run against a harder counter-surface, there may be metal transfer to that surface. Almost all materials, such as carbon, ceramics, white cast iron, and metal alloys of all kinds, can be used as bearings. These materials may be chosen primarily for corrosion resistance, for prevention...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0047297
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
...Abstract Abstract Door-closer cylinder castings manufactured of class 30 gray iron were breaking during machining. The manufacturing source reported that a random sampling of castings from this lot had hardnesses from 180 to 210 HRB. Based on the color of the components, heat treatment...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... casting. Cast iron, gray cast iron, malleable irons, ductile iron, low-alloy steel castings, austenitic steels, corrosion-resistant castings, and cast aluminum alloys are the materials discussed. The article describes the general types of discontinuities or imperfections for traditional casting with sand...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001307
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... by the heat treatment of a white iron casting in a neutral atmosphere ( Ref 1 ). Decarburization is limited and produces a shallow decarburized surface layer and a thin associated pearlitic transition zone. The rest of the casting has an ordinary malleable cast iron microstructure. Sometimes the term...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Graphite Cast Iron , Wear , Vol 271 , 2011 , p 1481 – 1489 10.1016/j.wear.2011.01.041 38. Akhondizadeh M. , Mahani M.F. , Rezaeizadeh M. , and Mansouri S. , Experimental Investigation of the Impact Wear , Mech. Ind. , Vol 15 , 2014 , p 39 – 44 10.1051/meca/2014006...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001591
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... Steam Navigation Company. This latter company was better known as the White Star Line, named after the company pennant, a white star on a red field. The White Star Line was owned by the International Mercantile Marine Company, which was controlled by J.P. Morgan. After their meal, the two men planned...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003568
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... white cast iron (standard gray or ductile cast irons are poor), high-chromium (that is, 13 to 28%) alloy steel, cobalt-base superalloys such as Stellite, and special nickel-base alloys such as Ni-Hard. These materials are useful not only for the flow-path surfaces but also as sleeves in sealing areas...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in Fig. 27(b) . Fig. 27(b) Surface of a broken tooth from the chuck jaw shown in Fig. 27(a) . The white layer at the surface is brittle iron nitride, which is also present as a grain-boundary film surrounding many of the grains near the surface. Note that the crack (arrows) follows the brittle...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... at the surface is brittle iron nitride, which is also present as a grain-boundary film surrounding many of the grains near the surface. Note that the crack (arrows) follows the brittle white-etching nitride that formed in the prior-austenite grain boundaries. Etched with 2% nital. Original magnification: 290...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... to isolate the variables. In some instances, ultrasonic testing has proved to be a useful tool in failure analysis, particularly in the investigation of large castings and forgings. Cracks, laminations, shrinkage cavities, bursts, flakes, pores, disbonds, and other discontinuities that produce reflective...