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wet grinding

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001849
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... electron microscope (SEM) using a secondary electron detector. Microstructural and morphological characterization was conducted, after hot mounting, in as-polished and etched sections. Wet grinding, with successive abrasive SiC papers, followed by fine polishing using diamond and silica suspensions...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...), National Association of Corrosion Engineers , 1988 28. Watson J.D. , Mutton P.J. , and Sare I.R. , Abrasive Wear of White Cast Irons , Met. Forum , Vol 3 ( No. 1 ), 1980 29. Perez R. and Moore J.J. , The Influence of Grinding Ball Composition and Wet Grinding...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001845
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... from the fracture. The samples were prepared by grinding with successive wet grinding emery papers up to #2000 grit. Chemical polishing was performed with diamond paste and FeCl3 solution (2 g FeCl 3 + 500 ml deionized water). Etch solution (5 g FeCl 3 + 50 ml HCl + 500 ml deionized water...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... (P280, P400, P800, and P1200, respectively). This sequence is used in the “traditional” preparation approach. As with abrasive-wheel sectioning, all grinding steps should be performed wet using water, provided that water has no adverse effects on any constituents of the microstructure. If water...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... suspensions 27 6 120–150 Contra 2 (a) PSA, pressure-sensitive adhesive. (b) Comp, complementary (platen and specimen holder both rotate in the same direction). Contra, platen and specimen holder rotate in opposite directions Four-step contemporary practice for steels using a rigid grinding...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001695
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... 31A Target Slugs SRS Corrosion Surveillance Program Conclusions Acknowledgments References References 1. Burke S.D. and Howell J.P. , “The Impact of Prolonged Wet Storage of DOE Reactor Irradiated Nuclear Materials at the Savannah River Site,” Proceedings of Topical...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001680
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... by: (i) grinding sequentially on 120, 220, 500, 1000 grit SiC wet grinding paper (FEPA Standard P-Series); (ii) polishing with 6 micron diamond particles on a hard paper cloth with an alcohol-based lubricant; (iii) polishing with 1 micron diamond particles on a medium nap cloth with the same lubricant...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... capable of magnifications up to 120×. Replication requires a detailed surface grinding, polishing, and etching sequence before actual surface metallographic conditions can be replicated. First, the surface is ground down to bare metal with a 60-grit flap wheel; then successively smaller grits (down...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... , The Failure Models Induced by White Layers during Impact Wear , Wear , Vol 185 , 1995 , p 17 – 22 10.1016/0043-1648(94)06586-1 35. Zheng Y.-K. and Yang Y.-Y. , Wear Characteristics of Large Grinding Balls in an SAG Mill , Tribol. Trans. , Vol 40 , 1997 , p 720 – 724 10.1080...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003510
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... voids or exogenous inclusions   Secondary cracks  Direction of propagation  Fracture origin Detection of surface and subsurface defects  Magnaflux  Dye penetrant  Ultrasonics Hardness measurements  Macroscopic  Microscopic Chemical and microstructural analysis  Macrochemistry (“wet” chemical analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003570
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of engineering systems: blades in the low-pressure ends of steam turbines where the steam is “wet,” and aircraft, missiles, and helicopter rotors flying at high speeds through rainstorms. Much research has been devoted to liquid-droplet erosion, and good summaries can be found in Ref 2 and 7...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001162
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
.... There was no question of the cause of failure being corrosive attack by the contents but rather the condition of the material. Longitudinal sections were cut from the externally white painted tubes with scissors and mounted in casting resin. They were wet ground on silicon carbide paper down to grade 600...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001686
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
.... Visual examination of the as-received vaporizer coil 6 and coil 5 samples revealed relatively uniformly spaced cracks. In order to better determine the distribution of the cracks prior to sectioning, wet fluorescent magnetic particle testing (WFMT) was preformed. This technique is more sensitive than...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001317
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... end 1, which was in service. It was ultimately decided that the dished end could not be repaired. The repair procedure involved grinding the areas containing cracks from the outside, leaving about 1 mm (0.04 in.) of thickness, and depositing weld metal on the areas that had been ground. After each...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... pullouts, cracks, and cutting grooves may result, which have to be removed step-by-step during subsequent preparation (grinding and polishing). Generally, ceramics are wet-cut (water or a special cutting fluid) with a rotating diamond cutting wheel on a bench-type laboratory machine or on a precision...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Guidelines for semiautomatic preparation of structural ceramics Table 3 Guidelines for semiautomatic preparation of structural ceramics Step Base Diamond grade, μm Lubricant Speed, rpm Pressure Time, min N 16f Grinding Diamond disc 65 Water 300 ∼180 ∼40 Until flat Diamond...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003529
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in a standard wet metallurgical (abrasive) cutoff saw. Specimens should be stored in clean containers. This seems an obvious caveat, but even new containers can contain residual chemical contaminant that could be a confusing factor in the failure analysis. For example, mold release agents in new plastic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... contaminated grinding wheels Cu from electrical resistance-heating contacts Deposition from aqueous environments after corrosion/erosioncorrosion of embrittling metals, e.g. Cu, Pb Airborne ZnS (near mining facilities) reduced to Zn on hot surfaces The most common embrittling metals...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001440
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... of a rectangular area that had been covered by the name-plate which had become detached at the time of the fire. See Figure 1 . The surface of the rectangular area and slightly beyond showed coarse grinding marks, resulting from a cleaning operation prior to affixing the name-plate, and the crack followed...