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wear mitigation

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001803
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... plates, and hollow spinal rods. Some of the failure mechanisms that were identified include corrosive attack, corrosion plus erosion-corrosion, inclusions and stress gaps, production impurities, design flaws, and manufacturing defects. Failure prevention and mitigation strategies are also discussed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006796
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Power Generation Conf. , 1987 , Pwr-35 59. Keck R.G. and Griffith P. , “ Prediction and Mitigation of Erosion-Corrosive Wear in Secondary Piping Systems of Nuclear Power Plants ,” NUREG/CR-5007, 1987 60. McClintock F.A. and Argon A.S. , Mechanical Behavior...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of a third-body material. This may be in the form of a lubricant applied to help mitigate a wear or friction problem ( Ref 4 ), or in the form of wear debris, or something there naturally as part of the operating environment, such as sand ( Ref 5 , 6 ). Impact Wear of Metals Deformation during Impact...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., and material, which are discussed in the following sections along with examples. The tools available for failure analysis are then covered. Further, the article describes the categories of mode of failure: distortion or undesired deformation, fracture, corrosion, and wear. It provides information...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Fretting is a wear phenomenon that occurs between two mating surfaces; initially, it is adhesive in nature, and vibration or small-amplitude oscillation is an essential causative factor. Fretting generates wear debris, which oxidizes, leading to a corrosion-like morphology...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., system, and customer. Set a goal. Collect data to provide a measurement of the deficiency. Determine root cause: Analyze the problem to identify the cause(s). Develop corrective actions: List possible solutions to mitigate and prevent recurrence of the problem. Generate alternatives. Develop...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003562
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article reviews the general characteristics of fretting wear in mechanical components with an emphasis on steel. It focuses on the effects of physical variables and the environment on fretting wear. The variables include the amplitude of slip, normal load, frequency of vibration...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., and wear failures. The article provides information on the synthesis and interpretation of results from the investigation. Finally, it presents key guidelines for conducting a failure analysis. chemical analysis corrosion failure corrosion testing data collection failure analysis fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... of the material after its design stress had been exceeded. It was recommended that steel with a higher chromium content be used to mitigate the erosion corrosion potential in the lines and that more rigorous nondestructive (ultrasonic) examinations be performed. Nuclear reactor components Pipe bends...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003570
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... Both forms of liquid-impact erosion are discussed in detail in Friction, Lubrication, and Wear Technology , Volume 18 of ASM Handbook ( Ref 1 , 2 ). Most of what is presented in those articles is not repeated here; instead, emphasis in this article is on manifestations of damage and on ways...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... on the device "failures" that include fracture, wear, and corrosion. The article first discusses failure modes of long-term orthopedic and cardiovascular implants. The article then focuses on short-term implants, typically bone screws and plates. Lastly, failure modes of surgical tools are discussed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Manganese 2 2 3.0 Corrosion or Wear Deposits Results of analysis of the corrosion products present in some of the cracks are listed in Table 2 . Composition of corrosion products Table 2 Composition of corrosion products Element Composition, % Edge of crack Center of crack...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of the hardware, typically in the metallurgical laboratory, the failure analyst may determine that a component failed in fracture, wear, corrosion, distortion, or in various combinations of those modes. Investigation in the laboratory can provide the supporting evidence to distinguish, for example, low-cycle...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006762
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., and there was no significant deviation from the test plan, the failure mode should be distinguishable. Depending on the analytical work requested, a cause might be identified and an approach to mitigate future failures can be presented. However, a test plan often is a dynamic document that must be updated as testing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006833
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... are constructed respond to their environments in accordance with the properties of their materials and hopefully in ways that designers anticipated. For the most part, there are four broad categories of expected material response that must be anticipated: fracture, deformation, corrosion, and wear. Fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... material, from different production lots, if possible, should be tested to verify reproducibility. Sources for corrosion and/or wear test methods include ASTM International ( Ref 5 ), NACE International, ISO, EN, and JIS standards. Other testing methods and inspection procedures have been developed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., identifying and applying preventive and mitigative measures, and monitoring the effectiveness of mitigation” ( Ref 3 ). The Scope of Microbial Activity Microorganisms can directly or indirectly affect the integrity of many materials. Most metals, including iron, copper, nickel, aluminum...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006938
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... of the product. This is particularly true in industries such as aviation, for example, in which weight is a critical design requirement. While instructions, manuals, and other documentation or training can help limit the conditions of use, designers also seek to mitigate the consequences of uses of the part...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006864
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... is typically designed so that it outlasts the lifetime of the screw. To accomplish this, the barrel is coated with a wear-resistant inner surface, either by nitride or bimetallic alloying. The barrel must be structurally rigid to prevent sagging/deflection and must also be able to withstand pressures up to 69...