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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... parameters on the material response is presented using the wear map concept, which is very useful and informative in several respects. The article concludes with guidelines for the selection of suitable surface treatments to avoid wear failures. abrasive wear fretting wear rolling-sliding wear solid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...; and the experimental results, map approach, measurement, mechanism, and prevention of fretting wear. This review is followed by several examples of failures related to fretting wear. corrosion fretting wear mechanical components steel wear debris wear prevention FRETTING IS A WEAR PHENOMENON...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003558
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... parameters. Therefore, materials can exhibit transitions in wear behavior as a result of changes in other operational parameters, such as load, velocity, and friction ( Ref 7 ). The wear map for unlubricated sliding between steels ( Fig. 2 ) illustrates such transitions ( Ref 8 ). Fig. 2 Wear...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003571
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... The study of glassy thermoplastic surfaces has mainly focused on understanding the damage processes under a variety of experimental and ambient conditions ( Ref 32 , 33 ). For example, damage modes can be studied using the concept of wear maps. Figure 11 gives such a map of PMMA for different normal load...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... constituents Fig. 11 X-ray map of the region shown in Fig. 9 indicating concentration of oxygen in Fe rich part of the matrix Fig. 12 EDS spectrum of a high quality 13/16 in. wrench socket showing alloying elements such as Ni and Cr that were not present in the failed socket Fig...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001535
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
.... Consequently, their useful life often is limited by roll discard at higher diameters because of gradual loss of hardness and wear resistance, or it is grossly reduced following premature failures. While failures of the former kind are progressive in nature, catastrophic failures by mechanisms, such as cracking...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
...-strip mill Rolling mill rolls Spalling Ductile iron Gray iron Fatigue fracture Rolling-contact wear 1. Introduction In the finishing trains of hot-strip mills (HSMs), work rolls made of indefinite chill double-poured (ICDP) iron are commonly used owing to their resistance to wear...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003562
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article reviews the general characteristics of fretting wear in mechanical components with an emphasis on steel. It focuses on the effects of physical variables and the environment on fretting wear. The variables include the amplitude of slip, normal load, frequency of vibration...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001490
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... introduced during the steelmaking process. Leakage Liquid metals Magnesium base alloys Melting pots Nonmetallic inclusions 1022 UNS G10220 1020 UNS G10200 Erosive wear (Other, general, or unspecified) processing-related failures A steel pot used to hold molten magnesium alloys leaked...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001645
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... striations indicative of fatigue, and EDS analyses corroborated a high incidence of silicate inclusions at crack sites. The study suggests that the failure of the bearing occurred because the hardness difference between the roller bearing and the inner-race surfaces resulted in wear of the inner-race...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Friction and wear are important when considering the operation and efficiency of components and mechanical systems. Among the different types and mechanisms of wear, adhesive wear is very serious. Adhesion results in a high coefficient of friction as well as in serious damage...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006837
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... While the rails, wheels, and axles continue to be manufactured from plain carbon steels, there are variations encountered in rail and wheel steels wherein microalloying and pearlite refinement are employed to increase the wear resistance of the steel. In addition, many of the components have long...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001754
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... As-received photographs of the primary hardware of interest in the investigation: ( a ) beveled gear, ( b ) sleeve, ( c ) outer race, ( d ) inner race, ( e ) rolling elements, ( f ) generic schematic of assembly Fig. 2 Examples of contact wear and gouging on one side (see black arrows) of the mating...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Manganese 2 2 3.0 Corrosion or Wear Deposits Results of analysis of the corrosion products present in some of the cracks are listed in Table 2 . Composition of corrosion products Table 2 Composition of corrosion products Element Composition, % Edge of crack Center of crack...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... on. Progressive tests allow the possibility to catalog the history of specific failures, thereby indicating the boundaries of failure initiation and propagation either in terms of progressive failure morphology or vibration levels, which can be useful for condition monitoring and wear mapping. Although...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006824
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... used in the laboratory portion of the failure investigation are mentioned in the failure examples. The topics covered are creep, localized overheating, thermal-mechanical fatigue, high-cycle fatigue, fretting wear, erosive wear, high-temperature oxidation, hot corrosion, liquid metal embrittlement...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001077
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... of crack propagation was generally from the convex, or drive, side of teeth to the concave, or coast, side. In addition, the rotor brake, the input pinion, and the clutch were carefully evaluated in an effort to find outside sources that may have contributed to the failure. The wear observed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006834
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... bearings are also explained. Finally, the article discusses in detail the characteristics and prevention of the various types of failures of REBs: wear, fretting, corrosion, plastic flow, rolling-contact fatigue, and damage. The article includes an Appendix, which lists REB-related abbreviations...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003528
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... for Measurement Location Selection Finite-element methods are very useful to predict the stress distribution in a component under applied loads. This method requires: Building a two- or three-dimensional (2-D, 3-D) map of the component or structure Determining the boundary conditions Performing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006768
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Surface residual-stress map of resistance-welded, heat-treated, and ground steel saw blade. Source: Ref 39 Fig. 11 Residual-stress map of welded 316L stainless steel plate. Source: Ref 40 Fig. 12 Effect of tensile residual stress (RS) on fracture loads as a function of test...